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In the Temple, aged 12

Luke 2:39-52, Andrew Love, January 27, 2019

Sermon Notes:


  • Do you like reading biographies?
    • Looking at Jesus Christ
    • 4 portraits of His life
    • 3 say nothing about His childhood (though report His birth)
  • Luke gives us some fascinating details
    • Jesus was 12 years old
    • His parents went every year to Jerusalem at the Feast of the Passover, the Celebration of Weeks
      • They stayed the whole week and left in a caravan
      • Jesus was not with them but was answering questions and teaching in the Temple
    • In this passage - the only recorded words of the child Jesus
      • "Why did you seek Me? Did you not know that I must be about my Father's Business
  • Overview:
    • Relationship with His Parents
    • Relationship with His Heavenly Father
    • His Mission to the world

Relationship with His Parents

  • His parents were poor so offered two turtle doves
  • His parents were devout Jews
  • Jesus was growing (v40)
    • He came to a point where He was filled with wisdom
    • After age 12 He increased in wisdom (v52)
    • Speaking of His humanity
    • Jesus emptied Himself - He laid aside many of His Divine attributes when He became a man
  • Jesus came of age at 12
    • Personal example
    • In the eyes of others - He was becoming a man, becoming independent
    • By staying behind He was saying that He belonged to His Heavenly Father
    • That He must be about His Father's business
  • His parents were not negligent
    • Big families, extended families with friends - communal living
    • A large caravan
    • It took 3 days for them to find Him - slept the night in the wilderness, a days journey to Jerusalem, slept another night, then looking in Jerusalem
  • Jesus was an obedient son (v51)
  • His parents did not initially understand (v50)
    • Mary treasured these things in her heart (v51)
  • A relationship of love, submission, honour and respect
    • His relationship with His Heavenly Father transcended the relationship with His family
    • Do we honour our father and mother?
      • The 5th Commandment - with promise
    • Far above this - we should honour God

Relationship with His Heavenly Father

  • Jesus grow as a human being - but He also grew in His relationship with His Heavenly Father
    • Isa 50:4
    • Jesus did the will of the Father
  • Jesus had an insatiable appetite for the will and wisdom of His Father
    • Why was Jesus listening to the hypocritical religious leaders?
      • 'Do as they say, not as they do'
    • Was He asking questions of the leaders, rather than questions to the leaders?
      • Jesus was answering their questions - they were astonished at His answers (v47)
    • Jesus was not a 'child prodigy'
      • He was receiving wisdom from God
      • He taught with wisdom - especially during His Ministry aged 30-33
    • Christ spoke with authority - though the religious leaders had no authority and they sought to trip Him up
      • Examples
  • What questions is Jesus asking us?
    • What is your verdict about Jesus?
  • He loved His Father's word and must be about His business and to fulfill His mission

His Mission to the world

  • Jesus went up yearly to the Passover and understood the need for sacrifice/blood to make atonement
    • Jesus understood the need to be the Passover Lamb Himself
  • What do you think was the mission of Jesus Christ?
    • Not to be a good example - to be a rescuer
    • To be a follower of Jesus - your allegiance must be to Him alone
    • To follow Jesus is greater than the blessing of any earthly relationship
  • He was about His Father's business - are we about our Father's business?
    • Are we living for Christ?

About Andrew Love: Pastor at Tabor Church

Sermon Passage:

Luke 2:39-52

39And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth. 40And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him. 41Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover. 42And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast. 43And when they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not of it. 44But they, supposing him to have been in the company, went a day's journey; and they sought him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance. 45And when they found him not, they turned back again to Jerusalem, seeking him. 46And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions. 47And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers. 48And when they saw him, they were amazed: and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing. 49And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business? 50And they understood not the saying which he spake unto them. 51And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject unto them: but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart. 52And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man. (KJV)

Other sermons:
Earlier: Same day: Later:
« Blessed are the pure in heart for they shall see God Promise of the Spirit The Temptation of Jesus »

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