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Daniel's Prayer (Part 3)

Daniel 9:20-27, Psalm 102:1-28, Andrew Love, September 30, 2018
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Sermon Notes:

Introduction

  • God's thoughts are not our thoughts
    • We want things straight away
    • Daniel wanted his people to return to the promised land
    • God was teaching Daniel that things weren't just about restoring His people
    • Daniel was told to be patient and persevere
    • Are we impatient - personal example, Church example
  • Overview:
    • v25-27
    • Universally acknowledged that these are some of the most difficult passages in Scripture
    • Study yourself
    • Compare with Rev 11-13
  • Comments:
    • Some scholars say that one week equals one year - 70 sevens
    • 7 weeks, 62 weeks, 1 final week
    • When does the command to rebuild Jerusalem begin:
      • 590 – the word from Jeremiah?
      • 538 – the decree of Cyrus?
      • 457 -  the 1st  decree of Artaxerxes?
      • 444 – the 2nd  decree of Artaxerxes?
    • Messiah - Jesus Christ v26
  • Overview:
    • Common positions
    • Common threads
    • Clear Messages

Common positions

John Lennox

  • Dates the start from 444 – the 2nd decree of Artaxerxes
  • Two periods:
    • Reconstruction in the time of Nehemiah (7 weeks)
    • Intertestimental period (62 weeks)
  • A total of 483 lunar years (30 days per month/360 days per year) = 476 solar years which takes you from 444 to 33AD (i.e. the year of Christ's death)
  • The final week is the end times

Paul Mallard

  • Dates the start from 457 – the 1st decree of Artaxerxes
  • First period - Time of rebuilding (7 weeks)
  • Second period - runs from 408BC to AD26 (If Jesus was born in 4BC then at AD26 he is 30 yrs old. This is the time he was baptised and anointed.)
  • The final period - is split in two halves (v27)
    • The first 3½ years take us from AD 26 to AD 29.5 when Jesus was crucified at age 33 and put an end to sacrifice
    • The second 3½ years refer to the time when the Antichrist will be revealed

Dale Ralph Davies

  • A symbolic view
  • The first period - a relatively restricted time from prophecy of Jeremiah to decree of Cyrus (594 – 538)
  • The second period - a relatively extended time which includes the rebuilding of Jerusalem, the intertestamental period,  the cross, the destruction of Jerusalem, and tumultuous times until the ‘end of the war’
  • The final period - a climatic time when the enemy of God imposes false worship and is finally destroyed
  • Compare Revelation
  • Are the figures literal or symbolic
  • Undertake further study

Common Threads

  1. See SHEET - download above

The Messages

  • God is the God of history
    • Consider the wise Magi, Simeon & Anna
    • God wrote instructions for Daniel to understand the times and the seasons
    • We have details of what will happen in the end times
    • We should take note of these things but be careful to be exact
    • At the heart of history in the Cross of Christ where He was cut off for His people
    • There will be persecution and difficulty in the end times
    • God is a God of judgment and love
  • cf Dan 9 or 11
  • Daniel was shown things he didn't understand
    • God is Lord of all
    • This passage was given for the encouragement of His people
    • This passage is to teach us patient, to tell us to trust God, to remind us that suffering is part of the Christian life
  • God's purpose is to bless His people, bring an end to sin and bring in everlasting righteousness

About Andrew Love: Pastor at Tabor Church


Sermon Passage:

Daniel 9:20-27

20And whiles I was speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the LORD my God for the holy mountain of my God; 21Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation. 22And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding. 23At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision. 24Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. 25Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. 26And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. 27And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. (KJV)

Psalm 102:1-28

1Hear my prayer, O LORD, and let my cry come unto thee. 2Hide not thy face from me in the day when I am in trouble; incline thine ear unto me: in the day when I call answer me speedily. 3For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth. 4My heart is smitten, and withered like grass; so that I forget to eat my bread. 5By reason of the voice of my groaning my bones cleave to my skin. 6I am like a pelican of the wilderness: I am like an owl of the desert. 7I watch, and am as a sparrow alone upon the house top. 8Mine enemies reproach me all the day; and they that are mad against me are sworn against me. 9For I have eaten ashes like bread, and mingled my drink with weeping, 10Because of thine indignation and thy wrath: for thou hast lifted me up, and cast me down. 11My days are like a shadow that declineth; and I am withered like grass. 12But thou, O LORD, shalt endure for ever; and thy remembrance unto all generations. 13Thou shalt arise, and have mercy upon Zion: for the time to favour her, yea, the set time, is come. 14For thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof. 15So the heathen shall fear the name of the LORD, and all the kings of the earth thy glory. 16When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory. 17He will regard the prayer of the destitute, and not despise their prayer. 18This shall be written for the generation to come: and the people which shall be created shall praise the LORD. 19For he hath looked down from the height of his sanctuary; from heaven did the LORD behold the earth; 20To hear the groaning of the prisoner; to loose those that are appointed to death; 21To declare the name of the LORD in Zion, and his praise in Jerusalem; 22When the people are gathered together, and the kingdoms, to serve the LORD. 23He weakened my strength in the way; he shortened my days. 24I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years are throughout all generations. 25Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. 26They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: 27But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end. 28The children of thy servants shall continue, and their seed shall be established before thee. (KJV)


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