Please find our sermons below:
Election and Reprobation (Part 2)Romans 9:1-33, Jeremiah 18:1-11, Andrew Love, June 25, 2017
- Coming again to Romans 9
- 9:1-5 - Paul's burden
- 9:6-17 - doctrine of election
- A difficult doctrine
- 2 Pet 3:16 - "in which are some things hard to understand, which untaught and unstable people twist to their own destruction, as they do also the rest of the Scriptures."
- The Jehovah Witnesses founder had a big problem with election
- Perhaps it is hard for us to get our mind around God choosing some and not others
- Perhaps it is hard for us to consider salvation God's work (although we participate in it)
- Perhaps it is hard for us to think about God choosing some before they are born
- First we must understand the human state - we are all sinners with corrupt hearts and desperately wicked
- God doesn't need to choose anybody...
- ...but God has chosen a vast number of people throughout the ages
- God's desire is that men shall be saved
- We must consider v1-5 and Paul's desire for his people, which echoes Jesus desire for His people
- If we have rejected the Messiah wholesale has God's purpose failed?
- There is always a remnant amongst God's people
- The true children are not children of the flesh but children of the promise
- Paul uses two examples from the Old Testament - Abraham & Sarah and Isaac & Rebekkah
- God had chosen one and not the other
- Some might say this is not election to salvation but only of choosing the Jews and not the Gentiles
- Go back to Malachi and Genesis
- This is a simplistic view - nations are made up of individuals
- It is clear that this passage has salvation in mind:
- People that have hardened their hearts and God [further] hardened Pharaoh's heart
- There are those that God has chosen
- To a mixed congregation in Rome of Jews and Gentiles - God has caused many to be saved
- Paul starts to answer some of the questions/objections that people might have
- v14 - is God fair?
- Certainly not - God forbid (v14c)
- Will not the judge of all the earth do right?
- Paul quotes an example of a rebellious people - Ex 33
- None deserve mercy but God chooses to have mercy and compassion on some (v15)
- It is God who shows mercy (v16)
- Salvation begins and ends with God
- v17 - why would God condemn sinners?
- God showed His power through Pharaoh's heart that the nations might see His power and glory
- Pharaoh has done terrible things - massacred many
- Terrible judgments come upon Pharaoh and the land
- God's power is seen in the judgment and the removal of the judgement
- v18 - can God harden our hearts
- People harden them first
- v19 - A Second Charge against God
- v20-23 - A Strong Rebuttal
- v24-39 - Paul Glories in God
A Second Charge against God (v19)
- A second attempt to try and blame God
- Is this not true?
- Do people often not blame God for the problems of this world, rather than looking at human kind as the source of our problems?
- People charge God rather than recognise their sin
- We ask why is God good to some and not to others (to make Him out to be a monster)?
- We often blame God
- The offer of salvation is available to all and none will be rejected
A Strong Rebuttal (v20-23)
- Paul humbles us all (v20)
- Who are we to question God's purposes?
- God is the potter and we are the clay
- Jer 18:1-11 [see below for Scripture]
- Let us never become fatalistic about our salvation
- God's wrath will come upon us because of our sin
- Prov 16:4
- Meekly bow your knee before the Sovereign God
Paul Glories in God (v24-33)
- Some are prepared before hand for glory
- Paul is staggered
- v25-26 - Paul is going to quote from Hosea
- Pagans were saved
- These would be called 'sons of the living God'
- People in Rome would be saved by the living God
- Hosea was faithful to Gomer (though she was very unfaithful to Hosea)
- What does v26 remind you of - 2 Pet 3:9-10?
- These people are now called the sons of God
- Quote: Is it not astonishing that we can be children of God?
- Example of Brazilian
- v27-29 - Let us think about Israel
- There will always be a remnant
- Assyria did not completely obliterate Israel
- When the destruction of Jerusalem came in Paul's time, God still saved a remnant
- v30-31 - Paul's conclusion
1I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, 2That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. 3For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh: 4Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; 5Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen. 6Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel: 7Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called. 8That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. 9For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sara shall have a son. 10And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac; 11(For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;) 12It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. 13As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. 14What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid. 15For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. 16So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. 17For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth. 18Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. 19Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will? 20Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus? 21Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour? 22What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction: 23And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, 24Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? 25As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. 26And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God. 27Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved: 28For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth. 29And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha. 30What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. 31But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. 32Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone; 33As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. (KJV)
1The word which came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, 2Arise, and go down to the potter's house, and there I will cause thee to hear my words. 3Then I went down to the potter's house, and, behold, he wrought a work on the wheels. 4And the vessel that he made of clay was marred in the hand of the potter: so he made it again another vessel, as seemed good to the potter to make it. 5Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 6O house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter? saith the LORD. Behold, as the clay is in the potter's hand, so are ye in mine hand, O house of Israel. 7At what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, and to pull down, and to destroy it; 8If that nation, against whom I have pronounced, turn from their evil, I will repent of the evil that I thought to do unto them. 9And at what instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to build and to plant it; 10If it do evil in my sight, that it obey not my voice, then I will repent of the good, wherewith I said I would benefit them. 11Now therefore go to, speak to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I frame evil against you, and devise a device against you: return ye now every one from his evil way, and make your ways and your doings good. (KJV)
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